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Antes de ontemIFLA Journal: Table of Contents

School library media specialists: An evolving profession in a pandemic

Por Heather Kapanka
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
In March 2020, Michigan’s school library media specialists, along with the entire educational community, found themselves facing unprecedented challenges brought by the disruption of the COVID-19 pandemic. As learning shifted online, the roles of school library media specialists shifted as well. Three southeast Michigan school library media specialists were interviewed to obtain their perspectives regarding the adaptation to distance learning, as well as how they predicted educational practices will evolve going forward. The educational practices of learning commons, guided inquiry, co-teaching, and information literacy were found to be particularly valuable during the shift to distance learning. The increased dependence on these practices during the pandemic will likely result in increased implementation of these practices when face-to-face learning resumes.
  • 11 de Maio de 2021, 09:52

Deciding how to decide: Using the Digital Preservation Storage Criteria

Por Sibyl K Schaefer
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
The Digital Preservation Storage Criteria (hereafter, the Criteria) grew out of a community discussion at the 12th International Conference on Digital Preservation (iPRES 2015) on the evolving landscape of digital preservation storage approaches. A Working Group convened to develop guidance for organizations that either use or provide digital preservation storage. The first version of the Criteria was presented at an iPRES 2016 workshop and outlined the Working Group’s preliminary results and sought feedback. The Working Group has shared iterative versions over the last three years that have been informed by community feedback gathered through conference sessions, online review and a survey. Possible uses of the Criteria include helping organizations to develop requirements for their digital preservation storage, evaluating digital preservation storage solutions, raising awareness about digital preservation storage, and providing training materials to inform practitioners and others, including a game to demonstrate how the Criteria might be adapted for use. A Usage Guide accompanied the release of the current public iteration of the Criteria to help apply the Criteria. This iteration of the Criteria contains 61 criteria grouped into categories: Content Integrity, Cost Considerations, Flexibility, Information Security, Resilience, Scalability and Performance, Support, and Transparency. The unreleased draft, Version 4, includes an additional category: System Security. In addition to introducing the Criteria and providing background about their evolution, this article highlights new areas of development. First, the preliminary results from an ongoing effort to map the Criteria to relevant international digital preservation and information technology standards are presented. Second, updates to the Usage Guide are discussed. The Usage Guide is a supplement to the Criteria that provides the contextual information necessary for implementing the Criteria and includes sections on considerations such as risk management, cost, understanding independence and ensuring bit safety. Finally, examples of using the Criteria in various contexts are provided to encourage organizations to apply the Criteria to their own situation. The Criteria, the Usage Guide, the Criteria game and related documents are open and available for review at https://osf.io/sjc6u/, where future additions and updates will be shared.
  • 11 de Maio de 2021, 09:51

Indigenous knowledge in Sudan: Perceptions among Sudanese librarians

Por Omer Abbas El Sharief
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Indigenous knowledge has received considerable attention in Sudan, as it is deeply rooted in the sociocultural life. Librarians, as facilitators of learning, have an essential role to play in indigenous knowledge management in the country. The objective of this article is to assess Sudanese librarians’ awareness of indigenous knowledge and to examine their roles in its management and preservation. The research also identifies the major obstacles that face indigenous knowledge management, and the role of information and communication technology in its management. Additionally, the research assesses the major changes needed to develop a successful national indigenous knowledge strategy. Structured questionnaires and four semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. The findings show that Sudanese librarians believe libraries have a role to play in indigenous knowledge management. The article proposes some relevant recommendations to enhance the role of librarians in indigenous knowledge management in Sudan.
  • 11 de Maio de 2021, 09:44

Social media use and information-sharing behaviour of university students

Por Iqra Bashir
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Social media has evolved over the last decade as a key driver for sharing and acquiring information in various domains of life. The increasing popularity of social media raises a number of questions regarding the extent of its use and the types of information shared. This study is designed to answer these questions by investigating university students’ use of social media in terms of commonly used social media platforms, frequency of use and the types of information shared. It also looks at differences of opinion based on gender, academic discipline and programme of study. The study is based on a cross-sectional survey; a structured questionnaire was developed and data was collected from 400 students at four universities in Faisalabad, Pakistan. The findings indicate that the majority of the students were frequent users of social media and visited platforms daily or several times a day. WhatsApp, Facebook and YouTube were the most widely used social media platforms. Male students tended to use social media more frequently than their female counterparts. This study will serve as a guideline for further research as it addresses an untouched area from a local perspective and reports original research.
  • 25 de Março de 2021, 09:12

Developments and trends for 2021

Por Steven W. Witt
IFLA Journal, Volume 47, Issue 1, Page 3-4, March 2021.
  • 17 de Março de 2021, 10:51

Abstracts

IFLA Journal, Volume 47, Issue 1, Page 101-114, March 2021.
  • 17 de Março de 2021, 10:49

A reassessment of the design of Carnegie public library buildings with a view to their future use: The case of Evanston Public Library, Illinois (1908)

Por Alistair Black
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Based primarily on archival sources, this study focuses on the original design of the purpose-built Evanston Public Library, Illinois, opened in 1908. Throughout the course of its lifespan of half a century, the Library earned a reputation as one of the town’s most cherished and revered buildings. Its demise, along with that of other Carnegie library buildings, as well as the many that have survived, encourages us to reflect on the changing popularity of Carnegie libraries as public buildings in relation to their potential for ongoing use. Celebrating the legacy of the architectural progressivism inherent in Carnegie public library buildings enhances today's image of their origin, thereby helping to heighten expectations for their future. Re-assessing the reputation of the original designs of Carnegie libraries through case studies like Evanston adds weight to the argument that, where feasible, meaningful efforts should be made to conserve extant Carnegie library buildings.
  • 12 de Março de 2021, 05:16

Indigenous resource management systems as models for librarianship: I waiwai ka ‘āina

Por Kawena Komeiji
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This commentary suggests a (k)new model for the practice of Indigenous librarianship that positions a traditional natural resource management system as a metaphor for library practices. By detailing the experiences of Native Hawaiian librarians working with materials and collections representing Hawaiian knowledge, the article discusses specific Hawaiian natural resource management principles (kapu, kūlana, waiwai, and lele), and explores their possible applications in library contexts. The result is a description of Hawaiian librarianship grounded in Hawaiian values and practices with the goal of best serving Hawaiian communities.
  • 23 de Fevereiro de 2021, 09:25

Indigenous librarianship: Theory, practices, and means of social action

Por Ulia Gosart
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This study maps the domain of indigenous librarianship. It conceives this field as constituted by theoretical, applied, and advocacy components. Indigeneity is theorized as an instrument that advances principles of indigenous rights in professional fields such as librarianship.The study offers the prospect of a revision of the traditional theory of librarianship by applying to this theory a notion of “living knowledge,” which is prominent in indigenous scholarship. It overviews culturally sensitive practices of knowledge organization and management that constitute an applied component of indigenous librarianship.
  • 17 de Fevereiro de 2021, 09:59

The information needs and behaviour of the Egyptian elderly living in care homes: An exploratory study

Por Essam Mansour
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the information-seeking behaviour of the Egyptian elderly, including their information needs. A sample of 63 elderly people living in care homes was taken. It was divided into five focus groups. Of the 63 elderly people, 40 were men (63.5%) and 23 women (36.5%). Almost half (47.6%) ranged in aged from 61 to 70. About a quarter (23%) of them held a high school diploma. The highest percentage (28.6%) was labelled as average-income people. The highest percentage (60.3%) was also found to be widows or widowers. The types of information used most by the Egyptian elderly related to physical, medical/health, social, rational and recreational needs. Their information sources varied between formal and informal sources. Nearly two-thirds (63.5%) of them showed that limited knowledge, lack of interest, poor information awareness, aging, loneliness and health problems were the most significant obstacles they faced when seeking information.
  • 17 de Fevereiro de 2021, 09:58

E-books in the Czech Republic: Analysis of demand and readers’ behaviour

Por Viktor Prokop
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Currently, there is a more frequent replacement of books by e-books, which have become an increasingly viable format and make it easier for readers to read books in a variety of places. Public libraries therefore focus more often on the provision of e-books as one of the components of their digital services. However, these services do not always meet with an adequate demand from readers due to several factors, such as service charges or a lack of awareness. Therefore, in this article, the authors focus on the demand side, represented by e-book readers. Specifically, they focus on the Municipal Library of Prague’s e-book readers’ behaviour and propose a three-step research model. It consists of analyses focusing on: (1) the specifics of the Municipal Library of Prague’s e-book readers; (2) e-book readers’ interest in borrowing e-books; and (3) e-book readers’ interest in the Municipal Library of Prague’s e-service when they must pay a fee. As a data source, the authors use unique data from an online questionnaire survey among readers of the Municipal Library of Prague in 2019 by the Sociores agency. The results show that science fiction and fantasy readers represent the most significant group of e-book readers at the Municipal Library of Prague, and that Facebook is the most significant channel for communication with e-book readers. The authors also confirm the importance of e-book readers and smartphones as devices that significantly affect readers’ decision to read e-books. In the final part of the article, the authors propose some practical recommendations that could attract more e-book readers.
  • 8 de Fevereiro de 2021, 09:24

What we talk about when we talk about information literacy

Por Margaret S Zimmerman
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Information literacy skills are requisite to fulfilling one’s potential and are highly connected to a good quality of life. However, the ways in which information literacy is discussed within the academic canon are largely unexplored, particularly as these conversations take place through different cultural lenses. The ways in which such cultures are grouped often rely on traditional methods of geographic clustering that are increasingly complicated by the disparate internal nature of societies. Using text analysis of a large bibliometric data set, this research is an attempt to examine how scholars around the world discuss information literacy in their publications. The authors pulled 3658 records with the exact term “information literacy” from the Scopus database. This data was analyzed for the most frequently employed words and phrases, and grouped by country. The authors then further grouped the countries by their levels of literacy, Human Development Index ranking, the average number of citations per article, and a metric created by the authors that assessed each country’s progress in regard to the Sustainable Development Goals and population health. The results include a discussion of the differences in the ways that scholars from different cultures discuss information literacy, and a number of data visualizations to highlight differences in the data.
  • 5 de Fevereiro de 2021, 09:48

Sources of climate change information used by newspaper journalists in Tanzania

Por Peter Onauphoo Siyao
IFLA Journal, Volume 47, Issue 1, Page 5-19, March 2021.
This article assesses the information sources used by Tanzanian newspaper journalists to collect climate change information. The main sources of climate change information consulted by newspaper journalists in Tanzania are climate change experts and daily events, such as community meetings and other relevant social gatherings. These sources are interactive – enabling journalists to obtain climate change information – and easily accessible, and use and provide instant responses. It was also found that deficient use of other potential sources of information, such as libraries, printed materials and Internet websites, coupled with overarching challenges that limit newspaper journalists from seeking, covering and reporting information on climate change, may affect the quality and quantity of climate change information published in Tanzanian newspapers. All the stakeholders involved in the fight against climate change and journalism colleges should collaborate and devise strategies aimed at building the capacity of newspaper journalists, editors and reporters in their daily activities.
  • 28 de Janeiro de 2021, 10:09

Library services and indigenous peoples in Latin America: Reviewing concepts, gathering experiences

Por Edgardo Civallero
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
There have been library services for indigenous peoples in Latin America since at least the 1980s; they are small-scale, very specific experiences that, until recent times, have been poorly systematized and scarcely discussed. Throughout their brief but intense history – a story that has been replicated in many other countries around the world, from Canada to New Zealand – these services have faced a series of crossroads, contradictions and conflicts that they have not always been able to resolve, from the controversial label ‘indigenous libraries’ to their scope and the categories and methodologies they use. From a first-person perspective (the author was among the first library and information science professionals to work with this topic in Latin America and has been active in the field for the last 20 years), this article briefly reviews the state of affairs in South America, pointing out the main milestones in the history of these services in the region. It identifies some concepts and ideas that require urgent discussion from both a library and information science and interdisciplinary framework, and suggests some paths to explore in the near future.
  • 25 de Janeiro de 2021, 09:51

Reconciliation in Australia: The academic library empowering the Indigenous community

Por Jayshree Mamtora
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This article discusses the role of the academic library in contributing to the reconciliation process in Australia through the lens of James Cook University. Reconciliation in this context is defined as the process to bring together Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian peoples to overcome the gap that exists between them. Two of James Cook University’s campuses are located in North Queensland, an area with a high Indigenous population. It has in place a Reconciliation Action Plan and Statement of Strategic Intent, which provide a clear statement supporting its Indigenous students and staff. This article focuses on the participation of James Cook University Library and Information Service in the university’s reconciliation goals through four broad areas of interest: procurement, engagement, staffing, and information literacy training. Of particular note is the naming of the Townsville Campus library – the Eddie Koiki Mabo Library – in recognition of Mabo’s connection with James Cook University, marking the significance of the role this Indigenous man played in Australia’s history.
  • 21 de Janeiro de 2021, 10:00

The dangers of libraries and archives for Indigenous Australian workers: Investigating the question of Indigenous cultural safety

Por Kirsten Thorpe
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Libraries and archives are troubling spaces for Indigenous Australian people as they are sites of renewal and truth-telling as well as sites of deep tension. The topic of people’s cultural safety in libraries and archives is one that is being commonly discussed. However, limited research has been undertaken on the topic to reveal the issues and concerns of people who work on the front line in these institutions. This article discusses the dangers of libraries and archives for Indigenous Australian workers by introducing doctoral research on the topic of Indigenous archiving and cultural safety: Examining the role of decolonisation and self-determination in libraries and archives. The aim of the article is to bring greater visibility to the voice and experiences of Indigenous Australian people who are working to facilitate access to collections in libraries and archives.
  • 20 de Janeiro de 2021, 10:41

Neoliberalism and public library policy in Ireland, 1998–2011: From the first government policy document to the first general election after the Great Recession

Por Maureen Garvey
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This article discusses the influence of neoliberal ideology on public libraries in Ireland, from the first government policy document published in 1998 to the first election after the recession in 2011. The context of the rise in importance of the idea of information and the parallel acceptance of the principles of the free market for providing public services are examined. The Irish government policy documents from the period are analyzed. A critical awareness of these changes is needed in the library and information science field to recognize and oppose policies that are detrimental to the public provision of a library service.
  • 19 de Janeiro de 2021, 10:03

Are we there yet? Visualizing indigenous culture in today’s library

Por Millicent Fullmer
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
While there has been notable progress in indigenous-led initiatives related to visual representation, issues of access and misrepresentation still exist and require ongoing advocacy work. In the virtual space, libraries, archives, and museums have an opportunity to increase decolonization efforts through wider dissemination of these images, improved dynamic presentation tools, and better organization of their collections. Nonetheless, online spaces come with their own challenges related to intellectual property ethics, the digital divide, and funding. This article examines issues of representation, organization, and access to digital images, and the role of visual literacy in libraries.
  • 18 de Janeiro de 2021, 09:53

Awareness, anchor and adjustment factors in the use of institutional repositories by Nigerian lecturers

Por Alice A. Bamigbola
IFLA Journal, Volume 47, Issue 2, Page 182-195, June 2021.
Institutional repositories have been established in universities globally because of their immense benefits to various stakeholders, especially lecturers. However, the literature has confirmed that institutional repositories are little used by lecturers. Previous studies have examined attitudes and disciplines, for example, but there seems to be no study on anchor and adjustment factors. This study therefore investigated awareness and anchor and adjustment factors as determinants of use of institutional repositories by lecturers in Nigeria. A descriptive survey and a purposive sampling technique were used to select universities that had had functional institutional repositories for at least four years at the time of data collection. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 857 lecturers. The study reveals that awareness and anchor and adjustment factors are determinants of use of institutional repositories by lecturers in Nigerian universities. The study recommends that more awareness programmes should be organized by libraries and that lecturers should constantly use computers to improve their computer self-efficacy and computer playfulness.
  • 18 de Janeiro de 2021, 09:52

Do primary school libraries affect teenagers’ attitudes towards leisure reading?

Por Pamela McKirdy
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This study explores how New Zealand primary school students’ experiences of school libraries affected their attitudes towards reading for pleasure once they entered secondary school. Two hundred and seventy-six students in their first year at high school completed a survey asking about their primary school libraries. The students were asked to self-identify as keen readers, occasional readers or non-readers. The results were analysed in a spreadsheet, considering variables such as attitude to reading, former school and family background. The students were mainly positive about their libraries, but were bothered by cramped and noisy environments and books they perceived as babyish. Students from schools with a librarian were more positive about reading for fun than those from schools where the library was not prioritised. Students from a family background where reading was encouraged were more likely to maintain a positive attitude to reading by the time they reached high school.
  • 12 de Janeiro de 2021, 09:31

Acceptance of social network sites by university librarians

Por Sureni Weerasinghe
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Libraries are being revolutionized by technological advancements which open up avenues to embed innovative library services. It is imperative for librarians to be in par with new technologies such as social network sites, to prove their worth in this competitive digital world. This study aims to explore factors affecting the acceptance of social network sites by university librarians by applying the technology acceptance model. The findings revealed that perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use were significant predictors of acceptance of social network sites. Trust was found to exert a significant indirect effect on the librarians’ intention to use social network sites. This study contributes to the theoretical novelty of the intersecting field of library science, social network sites and the technology acceptance model, which has received less attention in the literature. Also, this study attempts to fill the gap in the adoption literature, where librarians are rarely acknowledged as users, while supporting the validation of the technology acceptance model in a developing-country context. Overall, the proposed research model explained 58.4% (R 2 = 0.584) of variance in the dependent variable of behavioural intention.
  • 12 de Janeiro de 2021, 09:31

Research methodology practices among postgraduate Information Studies students in Tanzania

Por Esther Ndenje-Sichalwe
IFLA Journal, Volume 47, Issue 2, Page 129-141, June 2021.
This bibliometric study investigates the research methodology practices of Master of Arts in Information Studies (MAIS) students at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The study established students’ insufficient understanding and application of research methodology concepts. Survey research was predominant, with purposive and convenience non-probability sampling methods being extensively used. Simple random sampling and stratified sampling were the probability sampling methods highly used. Findings further show advanced qualitative and quantitative data analyses were inadequately applied. In practice, the study findings can help Library and Information Science institutions around the globe improve teaching research methodology to produce quality theses with logical conclusions which can develop new theories. Quality theses can translate into increased quantity and quality of journal articles and growth of the Library and Information Science discipline. Thus, there is a need to strengthen research methodology training for students and lecturers to generate generalizable findings that meet diverse needs.
  • 31 de Dezembro de 2020, 08:54

TETFund intervention in the provision of library resources in academic libraries in Nigeria

Por Cajetan Onyeneke
IFLA Journal, Volume 47, Issue 2, Page 142-152, June 2021.
This study investigated the intervention of TETFund in the provision of library resources in academic libraries in Imo State, Nigeria. It was guided by four research questions and three null hypotheses. The study adopted a survey research design with a questionnaire as the research instrument. The population of the study was 105 professional and para-professional library staff at two universities in Imo State. The findings show that TETFund intervenes to a high extent in the provision of information resources at the two universities studied. The study recommends that concerned government ministries should monitor the activities of TETFund to ensure that universities benefit equally, and that TETFund should be mandated to make the processes simpler. The researchers also recommend that TETFund organize conferences to educate institutions on the need and processes to access funding and benefit from TETFund.
  • 18 de Dezembro de 2020, 06:52

Abstracts

IFLA Journal, Volume 46, Issue 4, Page 400-409, December 2020.
  • 10 de Dezembro de 2020, 10:14

Skills, competencies and literacies attributed to 4IR/Industry 4.0: Scoping review

Por Chaka Chaka
IFLA Journal, Volume 46, Issue 4, Page 369-399, December 2020.
Much has been said about the fourth industrial revolution (4IR) or Industry 4.0 since its launch in 2011. In addition, certain skills have been touted as specifically 4IR or Industry 4.0 skills. Amidst all this, not much work has been done that focuses on and identifies what those skills are from a cross-disciplinary perspective. The current scoping review study set out to identify skills, competencies and literacies attributed to 4IR/Industry 4.0 by 64 peer-reviewed journal articles drawn from diverse subject disciplines. Three of its findings are worth mentioning. First, skills and competencies attributed to 4IR by the reviewed journal articles are generic soft skills often dubbed the 21st-century skills such as communication, creativity and problem solving. Second, of the hard skills, programming skills feature predominantly as the 4IR skills from the reviewed articles. Thirdly, information literacy is under-represented and under-cited as a skill for 4IR in the reviewed articles.
  • 10 de Dezembro de 2020, 10:13
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