Noticias em eLiteracias

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✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Tāhuhu: Preserving the Nation’s Memory Programme: An interview with Peter Whitehead and Hinerangi Himiona

12 de Maio de 2022, 06:47
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Preservation storage and curation strategies: Introduction

Por Reinhard Altenhöner — 9 de Maio de 2022, 05:37
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Technological scenarios for the new normality in Latin American academic libraries

Por Lourdes Feria Basurto — 2 de Maio de 2022, 09:17
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
The technological scenarios that have arisen in Latin American universities have been substantially changing in recent months as a result of the international health emergency caused by COVID-19. The lockdown policy revealed the need to develop digital and informational skills to adapt to the environment and the demands of distance learning required for integral online education. In order to observe and systematize the transformation of the technological environment in academic libraries during these months, the recent situation was identified based on data analysis obtained from a questionnaire applied in Latin American countries. The results reported significant changes in the use of digital applications, services, user assistance and librarian training during the pandemic, as well as the libraries’ mid-term commitments.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

A systematic review of crisis management in libraries with emphasis on crisis preparedness

Por Somaye Sadat Akhshik — 29 de Abril de 2022, 09:03
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Crisis preparedness is critical for crisis management in all organizations, including libraries. Libraries must make decisions about crisis situations, which requires planning and preparedness for crises. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyse and identify the main issues that assist libraries in decision-making in times of crisis. A total of 2900 studies from 1985 to 2020 were identified. Following the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 44 studies were included in the final review process. The findings of the study indicate that the subjects which were focused on most frequently with regard to crisis management were preparedness instruction, training programmes, preparation assessment and Important factors in crisis management. Moreover, the majority of the studies primarily focused on economic or financial rather than natural, social or health-related crises. Furthermore, between 2008 and 2017, there was a significant increase in the number of published articles mostly considered academic and research libraries. In addition, there has been a recent increase in articles dealing with crisis preparedness and management in these researches.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Croatian adolescents’ credibility judgments in making everyday life decisions

Por Alica Kolarić — 26 de Abril de 2022, 09:45
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
The objective of this study was to investigate how high school students judged the credibility of information obtained for help with making everyday life decisions. Semi-structured individual interviews were carried out to reveal what reasons lay behind their belief in the quality, accuracy and helpfulness of the information. The results reveal that the students preferred turning to interpersonal information sources. The information obtained was perceived to be credible in cases when the source had been characterized with attributes that expressed competence and trustworthiness (such as expertise, knowledge and precision). Other important indicators of information credibility in cases of interpersonal information sources were the characteristics that expressed personal trust and the quality of the relationship with the source. Information on social media was judged by socially generated cues that expressed reputation and popularity in the users’ community. Lastly, credibility was verified by checking the consistency of information from multiple sources.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Intellectual freedom: Waving and wavering across three national contexts

Por Shannon M Oltmann — 24 de Março de 2022, 09:05
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
The 1999 IFLA Statement on Libraries and Intellectual Freedom makes no explicit distinction between personal and professional ethics, though there are implicit indications that there may be divergence between professional and personal considerations. Across three national contexts (the USA, Canada, and the UK), we explore the gaps between professional and personal ethics, as well as how these gaps have been potentially exploited, addressed, or resolved. There have been waves of debate about intellectual freedom and social responsibility across these three national contexts. In the contemporary age, we see clashes around conceptions of neoliberalism, neutrality, expressive freedom, justice, diversity, equity, inclusion, and anti-racism. The divergence of opinion comes from both the left and the right. The gap between library rhetoric and how it is practiced on the ground in different contexts is visibly shifting and under increased scrutiny, certainly in the USA, Canada, and the UK.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

A review of international education literature: Interdisciplinary and discovery challenges

Por Shanna Saubert — 17 de Março de 2022, 06:48
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
The discovery of relevant research in the field of international education can be difficult due to the nature of the field and how scholarly work is indexed. This article presents a review of published international education literature to identify key topics and publication patterns, along with potential gaps and inequities in current scholarly discourse. Using the keywords “international education” and “global education,” the analyses focus on records retrieved from Web of Science. Of the 1492 peer-reviewed journal articles reviewed (published from 1991 to 2017), the analyses revealed only 705 articles relevant to the field of international education. Additional analyses of bibliometric data show a significant increase in international education publication over the past two decades; evolving trends regarding topical foci and methods; and publication disparities regarding national contexts and languages outside the Global North/anglophone-dominated discourse. The article concludes with recommendations to improve discoverability, better connect various areas of international education research, and expand scholarly discourse to include more diverse representation.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Libraries and COVID-19: Opportunities for innovation

Por Milena Dobreva — 10 de Março de 2022, 09:26
IFLA Journal, Volume 48, Issue 1, Page 3-8, March 2022.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Abstracts

10 de Março de 2022, 09:24
IFLA Journal, Volume 48, Issue 1, Page 228-259, March 2022.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Examining the status of prison libraries around the world: A literature review

Por Syed Tauseef Hussain — 7 de Março de 2022, 09:40
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
The purpose of this study is to review the published literature and highlight the situation of prison libraries around the world. The study strives to adopt a comprehensive approach while reviewing the literature in order to survey the present status geographically. The available published literature on prison libraries in local and international library and information science journals has been reviewed. The researchers also consulted other sources, such as books, theses, dissertations, conference proceedings, library websites, individuals and professional organizations, including the American Library Association, Association of College and Research Libraries, and IFLA. The databases used included Library and Information Science Abstracts, Library, Information Science and Technology Abstracts, Emerald, JSTOR, Google Scholar and ResearchGate. The keywords used for searching can be categorized as ‘prison libraries’, ‘jail libraries’, ‘correctional institution libraries’ and ‘rehabilitation centres’. Overall, findings suggest that the situation of prison libraries in USA, UK, Europe and Asia (only urban areas) is much better as compared to the other regions of the world. This situation is because of the availability of resources, access to the Internet, technology, automated catalogues, cooperation with other libraries such as public libraries, and regular budgets to run library affairs smoothly. A lack of professional staff, the unavailability of library space, limited collections, censorship issues, a poor budgetary situation, the absence of library associations in developing countries, and a lack of cooperation among prison libraries and public libraries are the major causes of the current situation of prison libraries. The study is unique in nature as it highlights the situation of prison libraries worldwide through a wide lens, focusing on standards, services and difficulties, as well as recommendations made by the researchers.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Transcribing public libraries as revitalized ethical spaces

Por Alison Frayne — 25 de Fevereiro de 2022, 09:19
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Referencing human rights and library literature, this article seeks to contribute to an understanding of how the IFLA Statement on Libraries and Intellectual Freedom is articulated by library associations and libraries, whose policies are structured by institutional mandates that determine library function. The article re-envisages intellectual freedom premised on a collective identity of fairness, justice and equality. Drawing on the IFLA Statement, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, this article uses a rhetorical analysis methodology to discuss the re-envisioning of library functionality in contemporary society. Public libraries are unique public institutions that carry people’s stories in the literatures and knowledges they hold. They open the way for everyone to engage actively with ethical statements that reflect a collective of voices, where intellectual freedoms extend the narrative of collective memories.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Exploring academic staff engagement in depositing locally produced research content in open access institutional repositories in Tanzania

Por Anna Shangwe Mbughuni — 25 de Fevereiro de 2022, 09:18
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This study explored academic staff engagement in depositing locally produced content in open access institutional repositories in public universities in Tanzania. The general objective of this study was to establish the extent to which academic staff are engaged in depositing locally produced content in open access institutional repositories. The study employed a cross-sectional research design. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire, which was administered to 292 academic staff selected through systematic random sampling. Purposive sampling was used to select 14 key informants. The results reveal that 92.5% of the respondents were aware of the presence of open access institutional repositories and 46.2% of the respondents had self-archived their academic work in open access institutional repositories. Poor Internet connectivity, low bandwidth, and a time-consuming and unstable power supply were the challenges encountered by the academic staff in the process of uploading their work. Several recommendations are suggested to expedite the process.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Knowledge mapping and visualization of personal information management literature, 1988–2020

Por Williams Ezinwa Nwagwu — 22 de Fevereiro de 2022, 09:25
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This study was designed to examine the structure of the literature on personal information management during the period 1988–2020 through the mapping of author and indexer keywords. The article also examines the volume, quantity and growth of personal information management literature during the period. The Scopus database was searched with the phrase ‘personal information management’ within the title, abstract and keyword fields on 18 February 2021. The annual growth in publications is presented as the number of retrieved documents each year, and the annual growth rate of publications on the subject is analysed. A total of 887 documents have been written on the subject since 1988. The major focus in addressing the problem of personal information management appears to be on technology applications, but research from 2015 onwards starts to address individual factors as they relate to personal information management.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

The experiences of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina’s Library Working Group on COVID-19 Prevention

Por Guilherme Goulart Righetto — 11 de Fevereiro de 2022, 09:23
IFLA Journal, Volume 48, Issue 1, Page 112-125, March 2022.
This article presents a brief overview of the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic in the context of Brazilian university libraries, as well as the efforts made by those institutions. It aims to report the experiences of the University Library Working Group at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, located in southern Brazil, in COVID-19 prevention. It describes the guidelines that the Working Group established and the perspectives for returning to face-to-face work. It considers the relevance of the role of libraries in accessing and disseminating science information. It highlights the opportunities for change and advances in study, research and services aimed at libraries in general. The article concludes that the University Library at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, through the Working Group fulfilling its role of supporting teaching, made it possible to articulate an information exchange network about COVID-19 with public servants, where the Working Group has carried out research and guided the management of the University Library in conducting the provision of face-to-face and remote services securely, both for users and the BU/UFSC staff (or employees).
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Library makerspace in Turkey: Public and university libraries

Por Ayşenur Güneş — 20 de Janeiro de 2022, 09:17
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This study is intended to determine the developments in Turkey and to reveal the quality of the libraries that offer makerspace service. In the light of the data, obtained from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism at the time of the study, one university library and three public libraries where this service was offered in Turkey were examined. However, one public library was examined in detail within the scope of the study. Qualitative research methods were used, and the data collected by the semi-structured interview technique were evaluated with the descriptive analysis method. According to the results not much progress has been observed in Turkey regarding the services offered by the library makerspace. The fact that the public libraries evaluated in this study offer only one service, however, shows that they cannot fully realize the maker philosophy.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Factors influencing the use of agricultural information by Vietnamese farmers

Por Hung Gia Hoang — 18 de Janeiro de 2022, 09:09
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This study examined the factors affecting the use of agricultural information by Vietnamese cereal farmers. A sample size of 245 cereal farmers was selected and surveyed. The participants were classified into small, medium and large cereal farmers. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were applied to analyse the data. The results show that large farmers used information from preferred traders, extension workers, input suppliers, mobile phones and the Internet; smaller farmers employed information from cooperatives, the farmers’ union and television. Large farmers had more access to information on soil preparation, pest/weed control, harvesting, and market and input prices, while small farmers accessed information on inorganic fertilisers. The regression analysis shows that the characteristics of gender, farming experience, participation in training programmes and community-based organisations, access to the Internet and television, information obtained from preferred traders, the Commune Peoples’ Committee, extension workers, cooperatives, the farmers’ union and input suppliers significantly affected farmers’ use of agricultural information (χ2 = 140.784, p < .000).
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

The antecedents and consequences of organizational learning in the library: A systematic literature review

Por Dyah Puspitasari Srirahayu — 17 de Janeiro de 2022, 09:17
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
The aim of this study is to determine the developments and factors that affect organizational learning in libraries. The study uses a systematic literature review method by analysing 20 research articles. The results of the study indicate that there are antecedents and consequences of organizational learning in the library. The research offers a comprehensive framework of the antecedents and consequences of organizational learning in libraries. Library managers can use these results to improve organizational learning in their libraries in accordance with the conditions and environment. The results can also be used as material for consideration in making decisions about the application of organizational learning in the library. There are few systematic literature reviews of organizational learning in libraries; hence, this article can be used as an opening for further discussion.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Intellectual freedom and alternative priorities in library and information science research: A longitudinal study

Por Gabriel J Gardner — 11 de Janeiro de 2022, 09:25
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
This article presents a bibliometric analysis of the library and information science literature to trace the emphasis that intellectual freedom and neutrality have received relative to an index of alternative and possibly competing topics. Emphasis is captured longitudinally by recording the number of results for various search terms associated with intellectual freedom, neutrality, diversity, equity, and inclusion in Web of Science from 1993 through 2020 and Library, Information Science and Technology Abstracts from 1970 through 2020. The results show that the number of works mentioning intellectual freedom and neutrality has increased only slightly over the study period, in sharp contrast to many entries on the diversity, equity, and inclusion index. With research interests being partially indicative of personal beliefs and professional activity, the impact of this relative change in emphasis on professional practice is discussed. Public controversies regarding library neutrality, intellectual freedom, and freedom of expression in libraries are summarized.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Corrigendum to “Editorial: Special Issue: Indigenous Librarianship”

6 de Janeiro de 2022, 11:07
IFLA Journal, Volume 48, Issue 1, Page 260-260, March 2022.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Information needs and delivery channels: Experimental evidence from Cambodian smallholders

Por Selina Bruns — 6 de Janeiro de 2022, 11:07
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Despite numerous policy interventions, poverty still exists. Those most harshly affected are people living in rural areas of low-income countries, regions that are often characterized by information asymmetries leading to market failure. The widespread growth of information and communications technologies (ICTs) in remote areas across the world holds immense potential for lifting the information barriers of the rural poor. However, there is little evidence of the effectiveness of delivery channels, which might be one reason why digital advice differs in its impact. Seeking to ascertain how smallholders can best be served by ICT, the authors investigated information needs and effective ICT delivery channels. Sociodemographic and ICT-related data was collected and a framed field experiment was conducted with smallholders in Cambodia; they were asked to build an object while using various delivery channels for instruction. Employing different regression techniques and matching algorithms, the experiment reveals that multisensory instructions trump all others.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Exploring National Library of Scotland datasets with Jupyter Notebooks

Por Sarah Ames — 28 de Dezembro de 2021, 06:02
IFLA Journal, Volume 48, Issue 1, Page 50-56, March 2022.
The National Library of Scotland’s Digital Scholarship Service has been releasing collections as data on its data-delivery platform, the Data Foundry, since September 2019. Following the COVID-19 lockdown, this service experienced significantly higher traffic, as library users increasingly made use of online resources. To ensure that as many users as possible were able to explore the datasets on the Data Foundry, the Library invested in a Digital Research Intern post, with a remit to provide introductory analysis of the Data Foundry collections using Jupyter Notebooks. This article provides a case study of this project, explaining the Library’s work to date around its new Digital Scholarship Service and releasing datasets on the Data Foundry; the reasoning behind the decision to begin to provide Jupyter Notebooks; the Notebooks themselves and what types of analysis they contain, as well as the challenges faced in creating them; and the publication and impact of the Notebooks.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Analysis of professional secrecy in Ibero-America: Ethical and legal perspectives

Por Alonso Estrada-Cuzcano — 8 de Dezembro de 2021, 03:10
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Eight Ibero-American political constitutions that include professional secrecy (confidentiality) as a constitutional guarantee are analysed, and their influence as a fundamental right in the professional practice of librarians is examined. The impact of professional secrecy is established in professional codes of ethics, and it is shown that they do not clearly express this principle; its application in trade unions has limited effectiveness. The various difficulties involved in preserving professional secrecy in library practice, which work centres try to violate, are shown.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Automating intellectual freedom: Artificial intelligence, bias, and the information landscape

Por Catherine Smith — 8 de Dezembro de 2021, 03:09
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
Anxieties over automation and personal freedom are challenging libraries’ role as havens of intellectual freedom. The introduction of artificial intelligence into the resource description process creates an opportunity to reshape the digital information landscape—and loss of trust by library users. Resource description necessarily manipulates a library’s presentation of information, which influences the ways users perceive and interact with that information. Human catalogers inevitably introduce personal and cultural biases into their work, but artificial intelligence may perpetrate biases on a previously unseen scale. The automation of this process may be perceived as a greater threat than the manipulation produced by human operators. Librarians must understand the risks of artificial intelligence and consider what oversight and countermeasures are necessary to mitigate the harm to libraries and their users before ceding resource description to artificial intelligence in place of the “professional considerations” the IFLA Statement on Libraries and Intellectual Freedom calls for in providing access to library materials.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

Abstracts

2 de Dezembro de 2021, 03:52
IFLA Journal, Volume 47, Issue 4, Page 590-617, December 2021.
✇ IFLA Journal: Table of Contents

An initial evaluation of research data management online training at the University of New South Wales

Por Adrian W Chew — 30 de Novembro de 2021, 04:16
IFLA Journal, Ahead of Print.
In response to low research data management engagement at the University of New South Wales, Australia, an introductory research data management online training was developed and rolled out to all newly enrolled Higher Degree Research candidates. This article outlines the development process of the research data management online training and provides an initial evaluation of the training from the perspectives of the candidates and the university. As such, this article joins up with existing literature on research data management training to assist institutions and research data management stakeholders with the development of research data management training to help researchers and research students enact research data management best practices. Overall, the majority of the candidates (n = 643) were satisfied with the quality of the training and found it helpful. The benefits the training brought to the university are mapped out by linking institutional research data management problems, the research data management online training’s design and findings into a coherent narrative.
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